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    TIẾN SĨ financial management practices and financial characteristics

    Ác Niệm Ác Niệm Đang Ngoại tuyến (3588 tài liệu)
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  6. financial management practices and financial characteristics

    Certificate

    I certify that the substance of this thesis has not already been submitted for any degree
    and is not currently being submitted for any other degree or qualification.

    I also certify that, to the best of my knowledge, any help received in preparing this thesis,
    and all sources used have been acknowledged in this thesis.

    Signature: Kieu Minh Nguyen
    Abstract

    After a decade of reforming policy, building and developing the multi-sector market

    economy, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam have developed strongly

    and contributed to creating employment, increasing GDP, and raising the nation’s volume

    of exports. However, SMEs have found difficulties on the way to development due to

    lack of management experience and financial resources, and due to uncertainty within the

    business environment. As a result, SMEs often faced obstacles during their operations.

    This thesis examines the relationship between financial management and profitability of

    SMEs to determine whether financial management practices and financial characteristics

    impact on SME profitability.

    Objectives of the thesis are (1) to investigate and describe features of financial

    management practices and financial characteristics of SMEs in Vietnam, (2) to develop

    and test a model of SME profitability, and (3) to contribute knowledge of the

    relationships between financial management and characteristics to improve SME

    profitability by using tools of efficient financial management.

    In terms of structure, the thesis has six chapters. The thesis begins by defining the

    research problem and questions, and providing a justification for the research study.

    Chapter one also reviews the research background, and presents definitions of terms,

    significance and scope of the study. Chapter two examines the economic background,

    business structure and the development of SMEs in Vietnam. This chapter also reviews

    previous research related to financial management for SMEs in Vietnam to identify gaps

    between financial management for SMEs in Vietnam and financial management for

    SMEs worldwide.

    Chapter three reviews financial management including financial management

    practices, financial characteristics and profitability of SMEs around the world, especially

    in the developed economies such as the United States of America (USA), the United

    Kingdom (UK), Australia and Canada. This review emphasizes profitability and the

    impact of financial management practices and financial characteristics on SME

    profitability. Objectives of this chapter are to review previous research related to the

    areas of financial management practices, financial characteristics, and profitability of

    SMEs and to build a model of the impact of financial management practices and financial

    characteristics on SME profitability.

    Chapter four discusses aspects of the research methodology including research

    design, data collection and data analysis methods, and hypothesis testing to support the

    model. Objectives of this chapter are: (1) to justify the research methodology of this

    study, (2) to explain research methodology used in the study, and (3) to demonstrate how

    research design, and data collection and analysis can be utilized in this study to answer

    the research questions outlined in the chapter 1.

    Data analysis and findings are presented in chapter five. This chapter presents

    descriptive findings of financial management practices, financial characteristics and SME

    profitability and findings of the research study related to testing the model of SME

    profitability. Objectives of this chapter are (1) to systematically present the descriptive

    findings of the research study, (2) to interpret significance of these findings based on data

    analysis, (3) to present the results of testing the model of SME profitability, and (4) to

    explain how the model, developed from a literature review, was supported by data

    analysis. Finally, the thesis ends with chapter six where conclusions are summarized and

    applications of the research findings are indicated for the financial management

    practitioners.

    The thesis provides descriptive findings of financial management practices and

    financial characteristics and demonstrates the simultaneous impact of financial

    management practices and financial characteristics on SME profitability. In addition, the

    research study provides a model of SME profitability, in which profitability was found to

    be related to financial management practices and financial characteristics. With the

    exception of debt ratios, all other variables including current ratio, total asset turnover,

    working capital management and short-term planning practices, fixed asset management

    and long-term planning practices, and financial and accounting information systems were

    found to be significantly related to SME profitability.

    With the findings as presented above, this research study provides many

    implications for financial management practices and contributes to knowledge of

    financial management of SMEs. The model of SME profitability can be used as guidance

    for actions to improve the profitability of SMEs in Vietnam.

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