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    THẠC SĨ Clean Development Mechanism in China: Seeking Synergies to Achieve Sustainable Development

    Ác Niệm Ác Niệm Đang Ngoại tuyến (3588 tài liệu)
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  6. Clean Development Mechanism in China: Seeking Synergies to Achieve Sustainable Development

    Table of Contents

    ABSTRACT .1

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 2

    TABLE OF CONTENTS 3

    ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS . .6

    1 INTRODUCTION 8

    2 METHODOLOGIES . 10

    2.1 PROBLEM FORMULATION 10
    2.2 ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK .11
    2.3 METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH OF THE STUDY .13
    2.4 PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED . .14
    2.5 PROJECT DESIGN 15

    3 CDM AND THE CARBON MARKET 17

    3.1 KYOTO PROTOCOL AND THE CDM .17
    3.1.1 Kyoto Protocol 17
    3.1.2 Clean Development Mechanism . 18
    3.1.3 Kyoto Protocol and CDM Issues from Montreal Conference .19
    3.1.4 CDM Project Cycle 20
    3.2 STATE OF THE GLOBAL CARBON MARKET .23
    3.2.1 The Structure of the Carbon Market 23
    3.2.2 Global Carbon Credits: Demand and Supply 25
    3.2.3 Global Carbon Credits: Buyer and Seller 29
    3.2.4 Volume and Pricing in the Carbon Market 31
    3.3 CURRENT CDM PROJECT PORTFOLIO .33
    3.3.1 CDM Project Progress .33
    3.4 OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS FROM CDM ACTIVITIES 36
    3.4.1 Opportunities from CDM Projects 36
    3.4.2 Threats from CDM Projects .37
    3.5 CONCLUSIONS 40

    4 CDM IN CHINA’S CONTEXT 41

    4.1 GENERAL INFORMATION AND ENERGY POLICY IN CHINA . 41
    4.1.1 Economic Profiles .41
    4.1.2 Energy Profiles 42
    4.1.3 Energy Policy in China . .44
    4.2 GHG EMISSIONS AND CHINESE CLIMATE POLICY .46
    4.2.1 Emission Profiles 46
    4.2.2 Climate Change Policy in China 47
    4.3 CDM CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA 49
    4.3.1 Institutional Actors for CDM Activities 49
    4.3.2 Approval Procedures and Management Rules 51
    4.4 CDM PRACTICE IN CHINA . 53
    4.4.1 Capacity Building Projects .53
    4.4.2 CDM Projects in the National Pipeline .56
    4.5 CONCLUSIONS 58

    5 CDM PERFORMANCE IN CHINA . .59

    5.1 PERFORMANCE IN SYNERGIZING WITH THE POLICY GOALS . 60
    5.1.1 Three CDM Priority Areas .61
    5.1.2 Sustainable Development Merits .63
    5.1.3 Technology Transfer Merits .65
    5.2 CER GENERATION FOR THE CARBON MARKET .68
    5.2.1 Four P Market Performance Model . .68
    5.2.2 Price 69
    5.2.3 Product . 70
    5.2.4 Promotion 71
    5.2.5 Placement . 73
    5.3 CAPACITY BUILDING IN THE PROCESS 75
    5.3.1 Policy Maker’s Capacities .75
    5.3.2 Project Administration Performance . .77
    5.4 CONCLUSIONS 80

    6 CHINA’S CDM POTENTIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACT 82

    6.1 EMISSION REDUCTION POTENTIAL IN CHINA . 83
    6.1.1 Energy Efficiency .84
    6.1.2 Renewable Energy 85
    6.1.3 Methane Gas from Coal Mines . 87
    6.1.4 Power Generation and Forestry .88
    6.1.5 Summary of CDM Reserve Project Potential 89
    6.2 ANALYSIS OF CHINA’S CDM POTENTIAL . .89
    6.3 ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CDM IMPLEMENTATION .92
    6.4 CONCLUSIONS 93

    7 POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS . 95

    7.1 STRENGTHEN THE POLICY SYNERGY . .96
    7.1.1 Establishing Long-term Perspective . .96
    7.1.2 Promoting the Climate-friendly Technologies .97
    7.1.3 Creating a Stimulating Policy Framework . 98
    7.1.4 Promoting the Market-based Mechanism 99
    7.2 IMPROVE THE MARKET COMPETENCE .99
    7.2.1 Establishing CER Indicator Set .100
    7.2.2 Setting up Reliable GHG Emission Inventory . 101
    7.2.3 Implementing marketing Management 102
    7.3 INDUCE CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IN A LARGE SCALE .103
    7.3.1 Restructuring the Existing DNA . .104
    7.3.2 Intensifying the Capacity Development . .105
    7.3.3 Long-term Considerations 105

    8 PERSPECTIVES .107

    APPENDIX A CONTACT LIST OF THE INTERVIEWS .108

    APPENDIX B COMPARISON OF CDM AND JI 109

    REFERENCES: 111

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