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    TIẾN SĨ Training program for occupational safety behavior in workplace of production company in Hanoi Basis

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  6. Training program for occupational safety behavior in workplace of production company in Hanoi Basis

    Luận án tiến sĩ năm 2013
    Đề tài: Training program for occupational safety behavior in workplace of production company in Hanoi: Basis for Accident prevention and Reduction
    Chương trình đào tạo hành vi an toàn nơi làm việc ở các công ty trong lĩnh vực sản xuất. Cơ sở đề phòng và giảm thiểu tai nạn
    Luận án được trình bày bằng tiếng Anh


    Table of contents
    Chapter I:Introduction
    1.1. Background of the study .1
    1.2. Statement of the problem 5
    1.3. Significance of the study .6
    1.4. Research Method .6
    1.5. Scope and limitation of the study 7
    CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW
    2.1. Theoretical and conceptual framework .8
    2.2. Review of related studies 33
    CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
    3.1. Research design and Location of the study .36
    3.2. Description of respondents 38
    3.3 Data collection Procedure and data analysis method .38
    3.4. Questionnaire design 39
    CHAPTER IV:
    PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
    4.1. Profile of Respondents .45
    4.2. Data Analysis 46
    CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION, BEHAVIOR BASED
    SAFETY training program Development
    5.1 Findings . 53
    5.2 Conclusions .54
    5.3 Recommendations 55
    REPERENCE . 79
    APPENDIX A .81
    APPENDIX B .83
    APPENDIX C . 85


    Abstract
    Safety issue in workplace is an urgent problem nowadays, because of unsafe
    conditions are occurring daily work in the company especially in the manufacturing
    sector. Studies show that about 90% of accidents occur because of unsafe behavior
    and human errors. Even if workers do not have the right knowledge, attitude and
    behavior toward safety measures in a safe workplace, all efforts for an accident-free
    workplace will be in vain. This study aims is to determine the effectiveness of current
    safety program and recommend to built up safety training program on behavioral
    safety, the basis for accident reduction in one typical local big company in
    manufacturing and erection sector.
    This descriptive cross- sectional study was carried out on workers/ managers in
    LILAMA 69-2 company. A sample size of 394 was randomly selected. Data
    collection tool was a researcher –made questionnaire. Data was analyzed using Excel.
    With the findings from the study about the causes leading to accident, safety
    attitude and safety climate, workplace safety behaviors, the researcher believe to help
    the company management and also other local similarenterprises to improve safety
    program especially with launching Behavior Based Safety training program and
    finally to improve accident rate in workplace.


    Chapter 1
    INTRODUCTION
    1.1 Background:
    Safety behavior presents a paradox to practitioners and researchers alike because
    contrary to the assumption that self- preservation overrides other motives (Maslow,
    1970), careless behavior prevails during many routine jobs, making safe behavior an
    ongoing managerial challenge. Studies in Industrialcountries showed that about 90%
    of accidents occur because of unsafe behavior and human errors and only 10% of
    those belong to unsuitable workplace and equipment (FGhofranipour, Iranian J Publ
    Health, Vol. 38, No 2,2009,pp125). Even if workers do not have the right knowledge,
    attitude and behavior toward safety measures in a safe workplace, all efforts for an
    accident-free workplace will be in vain Clearly, therefore, safe behavior in routine
    work poses managerial challenges.
    Figure 1.1
    2
    From the graph, we can see that the causes lead to the accident has been changed
    follows the time, from high rate on engineering approach to system it’s self and now a
    day human factor is the most contribution to accident causes. Changing the behavior
    of employee is challenge of manager.
    In case of Vietnam, occupational accident is a very important issue in industries,
    especially in recent years the number of occupational accidents occurring more and
    more as Industry is growing.
    Also, according to the report of the MOLISA (Ministry of labor, invalid and social
    affair), the material damage caused by occupationalaccidents occurring in the first 6
    months of 2011 (expenses relating to medicine, funeral, compensations for families of
    deaths and injury, .) was 143.331.800.000 vnd (2.62 times increase over the same
    period in 2010), damage to property was 17.609.900.000 vnd (7.89 times increase
    over the same period in 2010).
    Also, according this report the causes of workplace accidents due to no training in
    occupational safety for employees (7.8%), equipment is not safe (3.15%), not
    equipped with personal protective equipment for workers (1.39%), no procedures,
    safety measures (3.49%). Thus more then 80% of accidents occur which are
    attributable to human factors. That is the attitude, knowledge, behavior of workers for
    safe work
    With the purpose of this study, the author considers to have the research on one
    typical local big company on the field of production and erection in Hanoi area. The
    result of the study and recommendations could applyto others on the same field and
    area.
    3
    The company selected was LILAMA 69-2 who with more than 50 years of constant
    development, is known as one of the experienced forvessels, pipe manufacturer and
    erection contractor in Vietnam
    Being well aware of the strict requirements from client on the high quality
    services, LILAMA 69-2 has been focusing on developing its human recourses
    including qualified technical employees and engineers graduated from the
    prestigious universities in Vietnam to be good in both technical qualification and
    manufacturing experiences as well as investing more modernized facilities for
    manufacturing works at factory (More detail about company structure can find in
    chapter 3 of this thesis, but). The number of employees by end of 2012 was 1,180
    staff and 120 leaders and managers. The company is 51% owned by state owned
    Group LILAMA and 49% by private share holders with 57 BVND chapter capital.
    Despite the company’s safety policy is “Ensure Safety in production with target Zero
    accident and by providing safety training and occupational health to 100% workers;
    daily supervision of safety and occupational health; 100% critical equipment to be
    maintained follow procedures etc ”, safety and occupational health status formally
    reported plus accidents/ incidents not formally recorded was on not good condition.
    Follows report of LILAMA 692, in 2010, 2011,2012, 1 serious accident were
    happened lead to die and many accidents or incidents not formally recorded
    Thoroughly analyzed three years incident and investigation data and identified that
    most of the workplace incidents are triggered by unsafe behaviors, persistence of
    inherited traditional beliefs and overconfidence ofworkers.
    It is obviously that the safety management system in the company is top down with
    very “state owned training style”. The behavior based safety is something not yet
    familiar within the companies.
    4
    1.2. Problem statement.
    In general, the study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of the safety
    program and recommend safety training program on the safety behavior of workers
    and the reduction or prevention of accident in a production company in Hanoi,
    Vietnam.)
    Specifically it seeks to answer the following questions:
    1. What is the profile of workers in LILAMA 69-2 company.
    2. What is the frequency and types/classification of work related accidents in
    LILAMA 69-2 company?
    3. What is the leading causes of work related accident in LILAMA company?
    4. What is attitude of workers among safety and the safety climate in LILAMA 69-2?
    5. What is the behavior of the management of LILAMA 69-2 towards safety program
    in the company?
    6. What safety program is appropriate to improve the safety behavior of workers and
    safety climate in LILAMA 69-2?
    1.3. Significance of the study:
    The research studying about Behavioral Safety in Workplace of production company
    in Hanoi area – The selected company is LILAMA 69-2 and establishes Behavior
    Based Safety Training program for the company.
    With research result about safety climate, culture and behaviors and by introduction
    of Behavior Based Safety with its training program to managers and employees, the
    study and training program arms to promote:
    (i) the maintenance and promotion of workers’ health and working capacity; (ii) the
    improvement of working environment and work to become conducive to safety and
    health and (iii) development of work organizations and working cultures in a direction


    REPERENCE
    Stephen p. Robbins, (1998) Organizational Behavior, A Simon and Schuster
    Company, Edit 8.
    Cooper, M.D., (1998) Improving Safety Culture: A practical Guide .J. Wiley and
    Sons, Chichester.
    Cooper, M.D. and Phillips, R.A., (2004) ExploratoryAnalysis of the Safety Climate
    and Safety Behavior Relationship. Journal of SafetyResearch,35,497-512.
    Frazil, Z.U. KIRMANI , M.HANIF, A.SAEED, (2009) “Human behavioral corollary
    on industrial workplace “ , The Nucleus,46(3) : Inpress.
    H Sanaei Nasab, F Ghfranipour (2009) “Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and
    Behavior of Workers towards Occupational Health andSafety” , Iranian J Publ
    Heath, Vol,38, No.2, 2009, pp, 125-129.
    M. Buckingham and C. Coffman. First, break all the rules – Simon and Schuster
    business books.
    Rung – Aaron Jitprasert. Workplace attitude and factors behind job satisfaction – a
    case study of circuit electronic industries public company limited
    Schermehorn, J., Hunt, J., Osborn, R. Organizational Behavior (1997), New York:
    John Wiley and Son’s Inc
    Duncan, Jack. Organizational Behavior (1978), Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
    Cooper, M.D Evidence from Safety Culture Risk Perception is Culturally Determined
    (1997), The International Journal of Project and Business Risk Management,
    Vol 1(2).


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