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    TIẾN SĨ Assessment of Implementation of Government Strategies in Improving Competitiveness of Telecommunicat

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  6. Assessment of Implementation of Government Strategies in Improving Competitiveness of Telecommunicat

    Luận án tiến sĩ năm 2013
    Đề tài: Assessment of Implementation of Government Strategies in Improving Competitiveness of Telecommunication Companies in Vietnam: Basis for Policy Redirection using PEST Analysis and Solution
    Đánh giá sự ảnh hưởng của chiến lược nhà nước tới sự thúc đẩy cạnh tranh của các doanh nghiệp viễn thông Việt Nam: Cơ sở để khuyến nghị chính sách, sử dụng mô hình phân tích PEST
    Luận án được trình bày bằng tiếng Anh


    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    ABBREVIATIONS 10
    CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 12
    1. Introduction . 12
    2. Background of the study 15
    3. Statement of the problem . 20
    4. Significance of the study . 20
    5. Scope and limitation of the study: Scope of the study and limitation . 21
    5.1 Subject of the study . 21
    5.2 Scope and limitations of the study . 21
    6. Definition of terms Definition of terms . 22
    CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES 25
    1. Literature review . 25
    2. Conceptual frameworkConceptual framework 29
    3. Characteristics of the competitive environment in telecommunications business 36
    3.1 Influence of the political system, laws and policies: the Telecommunications Law,
    the Enterprise Law, Investment Law, Competition Law . 36
    3.2 The capacity depends on the manager. 37
    3.3 The characteristics of the competitive relationship between the enterprises in the
    field of high technology products and intangible services 38
    4. Theoretical framework 39
    4.1 PEST model . 39
    4.2 The PEST elements of the telecommunications industry 41
    CHAPTER III: Methodology 44
    1. Research design . 44
    2. Subject of the study . 44
    3. Research instrument 44
    4. Subjects of investigation 45
    5. The survey content 45
    CHAPTER IV: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA 52
    1. POLITICAL FACTORS, INSTITUTIONS, GOVERNMENT LEGISLATION
    AFFECTING THE MARKET COMPETITION IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS . 62
    1.1 The institutions and laws of the state of the competitive telecommunications
    business in Vietnam. 62
    1.2 Assessing the implementation of government policies for the development of
    telecommunications competition . 68
    1.3 Analysis of results surveys for Policy elements (P) 72
    2. ECONOMIC FACTORS (E) THE IMPACT OF COMPETITIVE MARKETS IN
    TELECOMMUNICATION . .
    2.1 The economic situation in Vietnam in 2012, socio-economic indicators in 2013 79
    2.2 Investment policies, tax incentives and government investment in infrastructure and
    telecommunication services to promote effective competition in the telecommunications
    business. 81
    2.3 The economic integration and participation of many economic sectors to develop
    competitive telecommunications. 87
    2.4 Analysis of results surveys for Economic elements (E) 91
    3. SOCIAL FACTORS (S) 97
    3.1 Workforce ITC with the development of the Telecommunications business. 97
    3.2 Implementation of programs of public telecommunications and telecommunications
    development 103
    3.3 Analysis of results surveys for Social elements 107
    4. TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS
    MARKET (T) 113
    4.1 The impact of technology convergence factors for the telecommunications sector. 113
    4.2 The impact of factors of state investment in research and development competitive
    telecommunications . 116
    4.3 Analysis of results surveys for Tenical elements (T) . 119
    C. ACHIEVEMENTS, RESTRICTIONS AND CAUSE 126
    1. THE ACHIEVEMENTS . 126
    2. RESTRICTIONS AND CAUSE . 128
    2.1 Restrictions 128
    2.2 Cause of the limitations mentioned above. 129
    CHAPTER V : SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND
    RECOMMENDATIONS 131
    1. Solutions related to policy factors (P) . 131
    2. Economic Solutions (E) . 134
    3. Solutions related to social(S) . 136
    4. Solutions related technology (T) 140
    5. CONCLUSION . 125


    CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION
    1. Introduction
    Telecommunications, Vietnam's IT industry in recent years has been seen
    significant development. It has met as a critical infrastructure for economic and social
    development, required by the innovation of the country as well as it meets the needs of
    providing essential services to people and contributes significantly to improvement on
    people's knowledge, improves social and cultural life of the people. In order to gain the
    success the Government has had the right policies. Government has made policies in
    each period for telecommunications development that appropriate for socio-economic
    development.
    The opening of the telecommunications market promotes competition among
    firms. This has created many positive effects such as the charges are step by step
    significantly reduced. Nowadays more and more people have been able to get access to
    the telecommunications services. The telecom market is more and more competitive
    and there are major changes, new technology is applied rapidly. The quality of service
    is improving and charge is lower. The sales of the telecommunications industry
    increased 25-30% rate in the period 2001-2010. It becomes major contribution to the
    state budget, to poverty reduction. The gap between regions, between urban and rural
    areas has narrowed. Beside that it ensures the safety and security information.
    The IT industry has become an important economic sector, with annual growth
    rate higher than any other areas. The contribution to GDP growth increases year to year.
    The whole IT industry average revenue growth in the period 2001-2009 represented 20-25% per year. By the end of 2010, the revenue of the software industry and digital
    content industry reached 2 billion USD, the hardware industry revenue reached 5.6
    billion USD, revenue of telecommunications services reached over 9.4 billion USD,
    bringing the total revenue of telecom and IT industry in 2010 to 17 billion USD, 19
    times higher than that in 2000.
    On September 22, 2010, the Prime Minister signed Decision No. 1755/QD-TTg to
    approve the National Strategy on “Transforming Viet Nam into an Advanced ICT
    country” (referred to as The Strategy from now on). This reflects the political
    determination of the Party of Viet Nam and the Government in developing ICT industry
    to keep pace with countries in the region and the world.
    The Strategy sets out objectives as: to develop ICT human resources to
    international standards; to build ICT industry, especially software industry, digital
    content industry and IT services, to become a leading economic sector, so as to
    contribute significantly to GDP growth and exports; to set up a broadband information
    infrastructure in the whole country; to apply IT effectively in all socio-economic aspects
    and national security, defense. The annual growth rate of the ICT industry income is to
    reach at least 2-3 times the growth rate of GDP. By 2020, the contribution of ICT
    industry to GDP should be from 8% to 10%.
    Based on these views and objectives, The Strategy identifies six groups of tasks
    focusing on issues such as: developing ICT human resource; developing ICT Industry;
    continuing to develop and improve the telecommunications and IT infrastructure;
    building and deploying suitable supporting solutions for providing digital information to
    households; applying IT effectively in government agencies, enterprises and the society;
    strengthening research capacity in the ICT sector; mastering gradually and developing
    technologies for creating new products. The Strategy also stated six solutions:
    enhancing information dissemination regarding the Strategy; promoting the
    socialization of investment in ICT, especially in the development of broadband
    telecommunications infrastructure; providing investment incentives for priority areas;
    building and improving institutional frameworks; establishing a specific mechanisms
    and renewing policies; promoting international cooperation.
    ( White book 2011 page 16)
    The ICT state management system was formed in order to promote and develop
    ICT sector. In 2002, the National Assembly approved the establishment of the Ministry
    of Post and Telematics, responsible for the development of post, telecommunications
    and IT. In 2007, the Ministry of Information and Communications was established on
    the basis of the Ministry of Post and Telematics with an additional responsibility for the
    areas of press and publishing. Regulation in provinces is implemented and in charged
    by local Departments of Information and Communications. IT application dedicated
    departments/units were established in all central ministries/agencies, including 06
    ministries/ ministerial-level agencies with specialized IT Department.
    Policy and regulatory environment for the ICT application and development has
    been significantly improved. About 180 legal documents on ICT were issued in the
    period 2001-2010, including Electronic Transactions Law 2005, IT Law 2006,
    Telecommunications Law 2009, Radio Frequency Law 2009, Postal Law 2010 and
    many Decrees and Decisions of the Government and the Prime Minister on post and
    telecommunications, Internet, information technology, radio frequency, etc. These
    documents have created a legal system and made important contributions to promote
    ICT application and development in recent years.
    Implementation of market-opening commitments to the WTO, the international
    economic integration, the trend of convergence with the type of telecommunications
    services, many businesses network infrastructure, providing enterprise telecom services
    have been license, with participation in the future of private enterprise and foreign
    competition in the telecommunications market will become increasingly fierce and
    strong on all aspects and services segment of the market.
    Ensuring a healthy competitive environment, equality for businesses is a top
    priority; urgent requirement for the development of Vietnam's telecommunications
    industry in the future. To do this, the State's role is extremely important. State is in
    one’s capacity as administrative- law agencies and as the management agency at macro
    will creates legal frameworks, policies and measures to contribute to important
    competitive environment of the Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications businesses.
    In the historical context of Vietnam recent years, the development of
    telecommunications has shifted gradually from the state monopoly to market
    mechanisms are regulated by the state, the organizational structure of the
    telecommunications business the greater the change, the new telecommunications group
    was established, the mechanism of government policy for the sector has also changed.
    The government's policies are decisive, influence on the development of industry and
    especially the competitiveness telecommunications.


    REFERENCES
    1. Ministry of Information and Communications, 2011, White Paper of information
    technology in Vietnam.
    2. Ministry of Trade, 2007, Overview of the Vietnam Competition Law, Politics
    Publisher countries.
    3. Ministry of Trade, 2006, the documents document joined the World Trade
    Organization WTO.
    4. Ministry of Trade 2010, Guidelines on Competition Policy in ASEAN.
    5. Congress 12, No. 41/2009- QH12 Telecommunications Law (effective 1/7/2010).
    6. 11 Congress, Competition Law, dated 3/12/2004
    7. 1755/QD-TTg Decision dated 22/09/2010 of the Prime Minister to approve the
    National Strategy on “Transforming Viet Nam into an Advanced ICT country”
    8. Decision 125/QD-TTg 2009 on radio frequency planning national energy transfer
    9. Department of Telecommunications Report 2009 and 2010
    10. Decision No. 32/2012/QD-TTg dated July 27, 2012 of the Prime Minister approving
    the plan for developing national telecommunications until 2020
    11. 27/2008/QD-BTTTT MIC Decision Promulgating the list of telecommunications
    services subject to quality management, 22/04/2008
    12. Decree No. 28/2009/ND-CP dated March 20, 2009, of the Government on
    sanctioning of administrative violations in the management, provision and use of
    Internet services and online information, 20/03/2009
    13. The basics of institutions of international economic integration, Legal Publishing
    House, Hanoi 2004.
    14. The text of the law to ensure fairness in international competition, the Competition
    Administration Department in 2007.
    15. The preferential trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region, the International
    Monetary Fund IMF, 2005.
    16. System rules and policies of international economic relations, MIT Press, London,
    2006.
    17. Research on telecommunications competition in Vietnam, VNCI project, Nguyen


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