Tìm kiếm
Đang tải khung tìm kiếm
Kết quả 1 đến 1 của 1

    TIẾN SĨ Harmonization of public competitive tendering empirical evidence from the ministryof health in Vietn

    D
    dream dream Đang Ngoại tuyến (18524 tài liệu)
    .:: Cộng Tác Viên ::.
  1. Gửi tài liệu
  2. Bình luận
  3. Chia sẻ
  4. Thông tin
  5. Công cụ
  6. Harmonization of public competitive tendering empirical evidence from the ministryof health in Vietn

    LUẬN ÁN TIẾN SĨ
    NĂM 2013
    HARMONIZATION OF PUBLIC COMPETITIVE TENDERING:EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE MINISTRYOF HEALTH IN VIETNAM
    Hài hòa trong đấu thầu cạnh tranh mua sắm công: thực nghiệm chứng minh từ Bộ Y tế Việt Nam

    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Page
    ACKNOWLEDGMENT iii
    DEED OF DECLARATION . iv
    TABLE OF CONTENTS v
    LIST OF TABLES ix
    LIST OF FIGURES . x
    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xi
    APPROVAL SHEET xii
    ABSTRACT .xiii
    CHAPTER I . 1
    INTRODUCTION . 1
    1. Background of the Study . 1
    2. Statement of the Problem 3
    3. Objectives . 5
    4. Hypotheses of the Study 6
    5. Significance of the Study . 6
    6. Scope and Limitations of the Study 7
    7. Definition of Terms . 9
    CHAPTER II . 13
    REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 13
    1. Systems Theory 13
    2. Administrative Theory . 14
    A RESEARCH PAPER PRESENTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL SOUTHERN LUZON
    STATE UNIVERSITY IN COLLABORATION WITH THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    3. Procurement Legislation and Studies . 15
    4. Procurement Administrative Theories and Studies 20
    5. Legislation of Vietnam and International Community for Procurement . 23
    6. Conceptual and Theoretical framework . 24

    CHAPTER III 29
    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY. 29
    1. Research Design 29
    2. Time and Place of the Study . 30
    3. Sampling Procedures . 31
    4. Data Collection 31
    5. Research Instrument . 34
    6. Statistical Treatment 36
    7. Methods of Analysis . 40

    CHAPTER IV 42
    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 42
    1. Provisions in ILT and LLT in Vietnam 42
    2. Public Procurement Activities in MOH 56
    3. Procurement and Bidding Practices in Terms of Transparency and Openness
    Measures . 62
    4. Formulation of efficient public procurement . 64
    CHAPTER V 74
    CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 74
    1. Summary 74
    2. Conclusion . 75
    A RESEARCH PAPER PRESENTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL SOUTHERN LUZON
    STATE UNIVERSITY IN COLLABORATION WITH THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    3. Recommendations 76
    REFERENCES 98
    CHAPTER I
    INTRODUCTION
    1. Background of the Study
    Public procurement management occupies an important position in the national project administration because its importance is evident both in practice and in the theory literature. Above 40 years ago, Phillip Cooper (1980) noted this when he stated that public administration should pay attention to the importance of procurement. In describing public procurement as a critical administrative activity, many other famous scholars acknowledged its importance, too. In fact, Vietnam Government spends a lot of money, despite signs of modest declines in recent years. Government's collective purchasing still accounts for nearly one-third of the nation's Gross Domestic Product (Appendix 4). Procurement is the purchase of goods and services by public and private enterprises. Efficiency in procurement has long been recognized as a way to obtaining the desired goods or services at the lowest price or, more generally, at the best “value for capital”. The most common practices of procurement
    involve some forms of tenders and it is believed that, under these, efficient procurement outcomes can usually be achieved in situations where there are enough firms in the procurement market to sustain reasonable competition. In cases with a reduced number of firms, more sophisticated arrangements are necessary to prevent practices such as collusion, bid-rigging, fraud and corruption, which hinder the achievement of efficient outcomes. Public procurers also face the additional challenge of preventing political favoritism where contracts are allocated according to loyalty or support rather than on the grounds of efficiency1. Public investment in Vietnam includes all investments the government and private
    business sectors are undertaking which include (a) Investment from the budget (allocated to the Ministries, and distributed to local); (b) Investing in programs targeted support; (c) International investment credit (loans of international organizations); and (d) Investment of the State Owned Enterprise (SOEs). In a period of 10 years, the State of Vietnam has implemented fiscal policy that caused a continued increase in revenues but has resulted also in increase in public spending. Budget revenues have increased from 20.5 percent of GDP in 2000 to over 28 percent from 2006 to 2008. Expenditures also increased respectively from 24.7 percent in 2000 to over 31 percent in 2005, and has reached nearly 35 percent in 2007
    (Appendix 4).
    The public procurement accounts for a large percentage of total social investment budget and has made positive contribution to the investment of Vietnam Government. However, investment efficiency has been low. Investment has been scattered, hence, investment is wasted. The causes to this situation include poor management, irrational investment, lack of investment in industries with large impact on economic restructuring, and insufficient investment in key programs. Low investment efficiency is also attributed to local interests, lack of transparency, and poor coordination among branches and levels. Inefficient public investment and poor investment management have not only resulted in social
    investment inefficiency but also rendered bad consequences to the economy of Vietnam, putting pressure on inflation, causing macro-imbalance, and limiting competitiveness and quality of the integrating economy. To improve public investment quality, one of the important principles should be to strictly implement open broad bidding of public investments or procurement to all economic sectors and conduct regular monitoring and supervision in public procurement .
    By international comparison, in 2010, the total spending in Vietnam accounted to 30.7 percent of the GDP,a higher rate compared to other countries in East Asia and Southeast Asia. This amount, which is being reported in the current financial statistics of Vietnam, does not include government bonds and Official Development Assistance (called as 3 ODA) funds. Thus, the State of Vietnam spends a large proportion of the wealth of society,
    compared with the rest of the countries in the Region. As observed, the share of total spending to total GDP in Vietnam has been increasing while in many countries, the proportion of expenditure to GDP is relatively stable as shown in Appendix 5.
    This study relating to public procurement practices has developed along the organizing of procurement processes and the effects of different procurement methods or practices. This recognizes several tools and strategies for its effective implementation. Several aspects have been investigated such as the type of tendering, usefulness of open procedures, the impact of transparency purchases which is considered including a quality component or mechanisms for preventing corruption. These aspects have been incorporated into the laws and regulations
    and this study has estimated the effects of such procurement practices in its models.


    Xem Thêm: Harmonization of public competitive tendering empirical evidence from the ministryof health in Vietn
    Nội dung trên chỉ thể hiện một phần hoặc nhiều phần trích dẫn. Để có thể xem đầy đủ, chi tiết và đúng định dạng tài liệu, bạn vui lòng tải tài liệu. Hy vọng tài liệu Harmonization of public competitive tendering empirical evidence from the ministryof health in Vietn sẽ giúp ích cho bạn.
    #1
  7. Đang tải dữ liệu...

    Chia sẻ link hay nhận ngay tiền thưởng
    Vui lòng Tải xuống để xem tài liệu đầy đủ.

    Gửi bình luận

    ♥ Tải tài liệu

social Thư Viện Tài Liệu
Tài liệu mới

Từ khóa được tìm kiếm

Nobody landed on this page from a search engine, yet!

Quyền viết bài

  • Bạn Không thể gửi Chủ đề mới
  • Bạn Không thể Gửi trả lời
  • Bạn Không thể Gửi file đính kèm
  • Bạn Không thể Sửa bài viết của mình
  •  
DMCA.com Protection Status