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    TIẾN SĨ Nghiên cứu các bài tập học tích hợp về hình thái học và cú pháp tiếng Anh cho sinh viên năm thứ nhất tại Đại học Thái Nguyên

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  6. Nghiên cứu các bài tập học tích hợp về hình thái học và cú pháp tiếng Anh cho sinh viên năm thứ nhất tại Đại học Thái Nguyên

    ABSTRACT
    Title : Integrative Learning Exercises in Morphology and Syntax
    Author : Duong Thi Hoa Lu (Laura)
    Course : Doctor of Philosophy
    Major : English
    Year : 2015
    Adviser : Dr. Matilda H. Dimaano

    Summary
    This study aimed to determine the morphological and syntactic
    competencies of first year college students in English Language at Thai
    Nguyen University. The study covered the level of morphological
    competency of student respondents in terms of meaning of root words,
    affixes, pre-fixes, suffixes, word derivation, word formation and
    compounding of words. Part also of this study is the level of syntactic
    competency of student respondents relative to phrases, clauses,
    sentences and functions. This also covered the assessment of teachers on
    the students‟ morphological and syntactic competencies, the significant
    difference on the level of this competency with the integrative language
    exercise as the output to enhance the students‟ English language


    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    iii
    The study included the 400 first year college students and 70
    teachers in Basic English Course in the Academic Year 2014-2015 in Thai
    Nguyen University. This study tested the following hypothesis that there
    are no significant differences on the levels of morpho-syntactic competency
    of students and the assessment of the English language teachers. It made
    use of the descriptive method of research with survey questionnaire and
    teacher-made test as the main data gathering instruments. The data
    gathered were statistically treated with the use of percentage, weighted
    mean, standard deviation, independent t-test.
    Findings of the study revealed that as regards levels of
    understanding of students in morphology particularly in meaning of root
    words result indicates that the students‟ level of understanding in this area
    of morphology is average with a fair number of students‟ demonstrating a
    reasonable degree of competence. In prefixes, affixes and suffixes results
    showed that the total rating obtained by the students on this area is 59.12
    percent which indicates that the students‟ performance in this area is
    average and is at par with the performance in the meaning of the root
    words. As for word derivation the total rating obtained by the students on
    this area 63.25 percent which falls under the average level of classification
    which indicates that the freshman students‟ have developed a certain level
    of adeptness in word derivation.


    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    iv
    In word formation, the total rating obtained by students in this
    morphology skill component which is 52.85 percent with the verbal
    equivalent rating of average indicates that the slightly lower numerical
    value suggests that the students are finding some difficulties along this
    area. In relation to compounding of words, findings revealed that the
    students‟ obtained a total rating of 61.15 percent with a verbal equivalent
    rating of average in this morphology skill component which indicates that
    the freshman students performed consistently and has developed skills in
    compounding.
    Relative to the levels of students‟ performance in the use of syntax
    particularly in phrases, the total rating obtained for this component area is
    51.95 percent or verbally equivalent to average which means that while the
    students demonstrate a certain degree of proficiency in this syntax skill,
    there are areas under this component that students do not know or
    unfamiliar. As for clauses, results showed that the total rating obtained by
    students is 47.30 percent or its equivalent of average which implies that the
    student performance on clauses are average but below the 50 percent cut-
    off value. For sentences, the total rating students obtained is 60.50 percent
    or average which implies that the students find the test easier and have
    demonstrated more advanced skill and competency in sentences as
    compared to phrases and clauses. As regards functions the total rating of


    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    v
    the students‟ performance is 49.95 percent or average which implies that
    the students demonstrated some degree of proficiency on syntactic
    functions.
    In relation to comparison of the levels of understanding in
    morphology and performance in syntax, results show that in 22 out of 28
    mean comparisons, the p-values are less than 0.05 which means that the
    morphology and syntax performances corresponding to this means are
    significantly different and are therefore not related. In six out of 28 mean
    comparisons, the p-values were greater than 0.05 which means that the
    morphology and syntax performances corresponding to this means are not
    significantly different and so they are related to each other which means
    that in general, no relationship exist among these linguistic skills.
    With regards to teachers assessment of the morphological
    competencies and syntactic performance of students all the items obtained
    an agree score of 100 percent which means that the teacher respondents
    unanimously agree that the items raised are valid items that can be used
    for the assessment of the students‟ morphological competencies and
    syntactic performances. According to the frequency of use of students‟
    skills, 11 out of 12 items had mean scores close to 3.0 or equivalent to
    sometimes and only one had mean scores close to 4.0 or equivalent to
    often which means that the teachers observed the students do not practice


    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    vi
    and use these skills as often in the class. For the assessment according to
    their degree of importance, result of assessment showed that all the 12
    items had mean scores close to 4.0 or equivalent to moderately important
    which means that the teachers regarded the 12 items as only moderately
    important skills to be developed by the students as that there could be
    more important topic for teaching than those items.
    In terms of the difference on the levels of morpho-syntactic
    competencies of the students and their performance as assessed by
    English teachers, results showed that eight out of 11 component items had
    a p-value that is below 0.05 which means that the teacher‟s assessment
    and students‟ morpho-syntactic competencies along these areas are
    significantly different which suggests that no relationship exist between the
    treatment means being compared. Moreover, the integrative learning
    exercises on morpho-syntactic competencies designed are based on some
    criteria that are considered and used as concrete basis for the exercises to
    be included to address the needs of the students.
    The study recommended that teachers may be encouraged to attend
    more trainings, seminars and workshops along the areas of morphology
    and syntax to further enhance their teaching techniques; that output must
    be reviewed and evaluated, and similar studies be conducted by future
    researchers.


    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    vii
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
    The author greatly acknowledges indebtedness to the following
    persons in their respective fields whose skills and competence contributed
    much to the completion of this study.
    Dr. Dang Kim Vui, Prof. Dr. Dang Kim Vui, President of Thai
    Nguyen University, for his continuous effort to make this Cooperation
    Program successful;
    Dr.Matilda.H.Diamaano, her adviser for the whole hearted
    assistance, her encouragement and precious time enthusiastically reading,
    editing the manuscript, for having provided the researcher useful materials.
    Without her guidance and assistance, this dissertation would probably still
    be incomplete;
    Dr. Nguyen The Hung, Director of the International Training Center
    Thai Nguyen University, for his precious and whole hearted assistance and
    encouragement;
    The Teachers and the student-respondents of the study, for their
    active involvement and cooperation; All friends who in one way or another
    have their encouragement and remarkable support;
    Her affectionate parents and sibling, for innumerable blessings she
    had received through them, for being her greatest inspiration in pursuing
    this endeavor.
    D.T.H.L.


    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    viii
    DEDICATION


    With pride and honor,
    this piece of work is lovingly dedicated
    to her nice daughters and son,
    to her loving husband and to her family



    D.T.H.L.














    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    ix
    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Page
    TITLE PAGE .
    APPROVAL SHEET i
    ABSTRACT ii
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT . vii
    DEDICATION viii
    TABLE OF CONTENTS ix
    LIST OF TABLES .x
    LIST OF FIGURES .xi
    CHAPTER
    I. THE PROBLEM . 1
    Introduction . 1
    Statement of the Problem . 6
    Scope, Delimitation and Limitation of the Study . 8
    II. REVIEW OF LITERATURE . 11
    Research Literature 43
    Synthesis 49
    Theoretical Framework . 51
    Conceptual Framework 53
    Hypothesis 55
    Definition of Terms . 55


    THAI NGUYEN UNIVERSITY
    Socialist Republic of Vietnam



    BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY
    Republic of the Philippines


    x
    III. RESEARCH METHOD AND PROCEDURE 58
    Research Environment . 58
    Research Design 61
    Subjects of the Study . 61
    Data Gathering Instrument . 63
    Data Gathering Procedure . 65
    Statistical Treatment of Data 66
    IV. PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
    OF DATA 68
    V. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS . 118
    CONCLUSION
    RECOMMENDATION
    BIBLIOGRAPHY 132
    APPENDICES .
    A. LETTER OF REQUESTS
    B. QUESTIONNAIRES .
    C. DOCUMENTATIONS

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