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    LUẬN VĂN CULTURE AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUPPLIER DIVERSITY PROGRAMS A TEST OF PREDICTORS by Gwendolyn Whitf

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  6. CULTURE AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUPPLIER DIVERSITY PROGRAMS A TEST OF PREDICTORS by Gwendolyn Whitf


    Culture and the effectiveness of supplier diversity programs: A test of predictors

    Increased globalization and diversity has brought with it unique interdependencies. As we experience demographical shifts unlike any other in U.S. history, the growth rate of minority-owned businesses may represent unprecedented opportunity for corporate buyers to partner with minority suppliers. According to the Minority Business Development Agency, the minority population will represent 37.4 percent of the total U.S. population by the year 2020, and will yield purchasing power of $3 trillion. Moreover, it is estimated that between the years 2000 and 2050 the majority of new business starts will originate in the minority business community (U.S. Small Business Administration 1994). Minority-owned firms grew from 7 percent of all U.S. firms to 15 percent between 1982 and 1997. These changes have implications for the corporate supply chain, and relationships with minority suppliers have become increasingly important. Supplier diversity is defined as a proactive business process that seeks to provide all suppliers equal access to supply management opportunities (NAPM, InfoEdge 2001). Supplier diversity programs have been used by firms for over 30 years, yet few minority suppliers have found their way into mainstream processes. One research study found major impediments in supplier diversity programs (Dollinger & Dailey 1989). For example, minority suppliers face higher transaction costs, experience difficulty in dealing with complex bureaucracy, and sometimes had to deal in a hostile environment. Other studies have found major problems with communication (Krause et al. 1999; Kauffman 2001) and commitment (Krause et al. 1999; Carter et al. 1999). Past research has also emphasized the important role of corporate culture for implementing supplier diversity programs (Min 1999; Carter et al. 1999). This dissertation examines the relationship between corporate culture and supplier diversity effectiveness. The study examines how buyer's attitudes toward diversity influence spending levels with diverse suppliers. The general hypothesis is that organizations that have constructive cultures for diversity will have higher levels of spending in supplier diversity programs. The research was conducted using a sample from 250 buyers within a large U.S. heavy-equipment manufacturing firm. The research involved collecting attitudinal data using an Internet-mediated survey questionnaire. Effectiveness was measured based on total spending with minority suppliers and was collected using semi-structured interviewing and archival research.
    Format: Dissertation
    Author(s): Whitfield, Gwendolyn
    Published: 2003
    Language: English
    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .ii
    LIST OF TABLES .vi
    LIST OF FIGURES .vii
    CHAPTER I 1
    OVERVIEW OF THE RESEARCH . 1
    Introduction . 1
    Supplier Diversity Overview . 2
    Primary Research Questions . 4
    Theoretical Framework . 6
    Research Methodology 8
    Scope of the Dissertation . 11
    Contribution of the Research . 12
    CHAPTER II . 13
    LITERATURE REVIEW 13
    Introduction . 13
    Purchasing and Supply Chain Management 13
    Minority Business in the U.S. . 17
    Supplier Diversity . 22
    Organizational Culture 26
    CHAPTER III 30
    RESEARCH DESIGN 30 iv
    TABLE OF CONTENTS—continued
    CHAPTER III
    Introduction . 30
    Research Propositions . 31
    Measures . 31
    Research Design and Data Collection . 34
    Design Issues for Mixed Methods . 35
    Sample . 36
    Research Methodology 38
    Data Collection 38
    Internet-Mediated Research 39
    Validity Issues . 41
    Reliability Issues . 43
    CHAPTER IV . 45
    DATA ANALYSIS . 45
    Introduction . 45
    Summary Statistics 45
    Analysis at the Organizational-Level 50
    Results of Factor Analysis . 58
    Results of Reliability Test . 59
    Analysis for Individual Units 59
    Humanistic 59
    Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis: A Combined Approach . 61 v
    TABLE OF CONTENTS—continued
    CHAPTER IV
    Data Displays 62
    Results . 64
    CHAPTER V . 66
    DISCUSSION OF THE RESULTS 66
    Introduction . 66
    Managerial Contributions 66
    Academic Contributions 67
    Limitations of Research 69
    Future Research . 69
    BIBLIOGRAPHY . 70


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